The Working Principle of a horizontal carbonization furnace involves the following steps:
- Loading the biomass materials into the furnace.
- Drying: The carbonization furnace is heated to a temperature of around 200-300°C, and the biomass materials are dried by the hot air circulating inside the furnace.
- Carbonization: Once the biomass materials are dried, the temperature inside the furnace is increased to around 500-600°C. At this temperature, the biomass materials undergo a process called pyrolysis, which breaks down the complex organic compounds into simpler carbon compounds. This process produces charcoal, which is collected at the other end of the furnace.
- Cooling: After the carbonization process is complete, the furnace is cooled down, and then the charcoal can be removed from the furnace.
- Discharging the charcoal from the furnace and packaging it for storage or transportation.